Geographic Border Locations:

Mount Hor

In the Hebrew, this is written as "Hor ha-har" - literally, "Hor, the Mountain" or "Mountain of the mountain", perhaps meaning a prominent or significant mountain.  The Bible refers to 2 different locations called Mount Hor.  Most of the time it's refering to a mountain in the south where Aaron died, near the border with the land of Edom.  Another Mount Hor is on the northwest corner of the Promised Land, and is the Mount Hor being discussed here.  The exact location is debated, but was on or near the Mediterranean coast.  Some have tried to identify it with Qornet Es-Sawda (Black Horn), the highest peak in the mountains of Lebanon, but there seems to be no historical evidence behind this.   In various ancient Jewish Talmudic and Midrashic writings this Mount Hor is identified as Amanah, Amanim, Tur Amnon, Tavros Umanis, and Tavros Manis.  As "Amanah", it appears in the Bible in Song of Solomon 4:8.  In the Greek era, it was called Theouprosopon, "The Face of God".  Today it is called Ras al-Shakka, "The Cape of the Stone Hill".  It's a promontory (a headland, a prominent and high mass of land/rock jutting out into or standing over a body of water - like The Rock of Gibraltar) on the coast of northern Lebanon.


These are the only 2 references to this Mount Hor on the northern border:

Nm 34:7,8
7 “‘This shall be your north border: from the great sea you shall mark out for you Mount Hor;
8 from Mount Hor you shall mark out to the entrance of Hamath; and the goings out of the border shall be at Zedad;


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